ANNEX I

NATURAL HABITAT TYPES OF COMMUNITY INTEREST WHOSE CONSERVATION REQUIRES THE DESIGNATION OF SPECIAL AREAS OF CONSERVATION

Interpretation

Guidance on the interpretation of habitat types is given in the 'Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats' as approved by the committee set up in Article 20 ('Habitats Committee') and published by the European Commission

The code corresponds to the NATURA 2000 code.

The sign '*' indicates priority habitat types.

1. COASTAL AND HALOPHYTIC HABITATS

11. Open sea and tidal areas

1110 Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time
1120 * Posidonia beds (Posidonion oceanicae)
1130 Estuaries
1140 Mudflats and sandflats not covered by seawater at low tide
1150 *Coastal lagoons
1160 Large shallow inlets and bays
1170 Reefs
1180 Submarine structures made by leaking gases

12. Sea cliffs and shingle or stony beaches

1210 Annual vegetation of drift lines
1220 Perennial vegetation of stony banks
1230 Vegetated sea cliffs of the Atlantic and Baltic Coasts
1240 Vegetated sea cliffs of the Mediterranean coasts with endemic Limonium spp.
1250 Vegetated sea cliffs with endemic flora of the Macaronesian coasts

13. Atlantic and continental salt marshes and salt meadows

1310 Salicornia and other annuals colonizing mud and sand
1320 Spartina swards (Spartinion maritimae)
1330 Atlantic salt meadows (Glauco-Puccinellietalia maritimae)
1340 * Inland salt meadows

14. Mediterranean and thermo-Atlantic salt marshes and salt meadows

1410 Mediterranean salt meadows (Juncetalia maritimi)
1420 Mediterranean and thermo-Atlantic halophilous scrubs (Sarcocornetea fruticosi)
1430 Halo-nitrophilous scrubs (Pegano-Salsoletea)

15. Salt and gypsum inland steppes

1510 * Mediterranean salt steppes (Limonietalia)
1520 * Iberian gypsum vegetation (Gypsophiletalia)
1530 * Pannonic salt steppes and salt marshes

16. Boreal Baltic archipelago, coastal and landupheaval areas

1610 Baltic esker islands with sandy, rocky and shingle beach vegetation and sublittoral vegetation
1620 Boreal Baltic islets and small islands
1630 * Boreal Baltic coastal meadows
1640 Boreal Baltic sandy beaches with perennial vegetation
1650 Boreal Baltic narrow inlets

2. COASTAL SAND DUNES AND INLAND DUNES

21. Sea dunes of the Atlantic, North Sea and Baltic coasts

2110 Embryonic shifting dunes
2120 Shifting dunes along the shoreline with Ammophila arenaria ('white dunes')
2130 * Fixed coastal dunes with herbaceous vegetation ('grey dunes')
2140 * Decalcified fixed dunes with Empetrum nigrum
2150 * Atlantic decalcified fixed dunes (Calluno-Ulicetea)
2160 Dunes with HippophaŽ rhamnoides
2170 Dunes with Salix repens ssp. argentea (Salicion arenariae)
2180 Wooded dunes of the Atlantic, Continental and Boreal region
2190 Humid dune slacks
21A0 Machairs (* in Ireland)

22. Sea dunes of the Mediterranean coast

2210 Crucianellion maritimae fixed beach dunes
2220 Dunes with Euphorbia terracina
2230 Malcolmietalia dune grasslands
2240 Brachypodietalia dune grasslands with annuals
2250 * Coastal dunes with Juniperus spp.
2260 Cisto-Lavenduletalia dune sclerophyllous scrubs
2270 * Wooded dunes with Pinus pinea and/or Pinus pinaster

23. Inland dunes, old and decalcified

2310 Dry sand heaths with Calluna and Genista
2320 Dry sand heaths with Calluna and Empetrum nigrum
2330 Inland dunes with open Corynephorus and Agrostis grasslands
2340 * Pannonic inland dunes

3. FRESHWATER HABITATS

31. Standing water

3110 Oligotrophic waters containing very few minerals of sandy plains
          (Littorelletalia uniflorae)
3120 Oligothrophic waters containing very few minerals generally on sandy soils of the            West Mediterranean, with Isoetes spp.
3130 Oligotrophic to mesotrophic standing waters with vegetation of the Littorelletea             uniflorae and/or of the IsoŽto-Nanojuncetea
3140 Hard oligo-mesotrophic waters with benthic vegetation of Chara spp.
3150 Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition - type
          vegetation
3160 Natural dystrophic lakes and ponds
3170 * Mediterranean temporary ponds
3180 * Turloughs

32. Running water - sections of water courses with natural or semi-natural dynamics (minor, average and major beds) where the water quality shows no significant deterioration

3210 Fennoscandian natural rivers
3220 Alpine rivers and the herbaceous vegetation along their banks
3230 Alpine rivers and their ligneous vegetation with Myricaria germanica
3240 Alpine rivers and their ligneous vegetation with Salix elaeagnos
3250 Constantly flowing Mediterranean rivers with Glaucium flavum
3260 Water courses of plain to montane levels with the Ranunculion fluitantis and           Callitricho-Batrachion vegetation
3270 Rivers with muddy banks with Chenopodion rubri p.p. and Bidention p.p.              vegetation
3280 Constantly flowing Mediterranean rivers with Paspalo-Agrostidion species and           hanging curtains of Salix and Populus alba
3290 Intermittently flowing Mediterranean rivers of the Paspalo-Agrostidion

4. TEMPERATE HEATH AND SCRUB

4010 Northern Atlantic wet heaths with Erica tetralix
4020 * Temperate Atlantic wet heaths with Erica ciliaris and Erica tetralix
4030 European dry heaths
4040 * Dry Atlantic coastal heaths with Erica vagans
4050 * Endemic macaronesian heaths
4060 Alpine and Boreal heaths
4070 * Bushes with Pinus mugo and Rhododendron hirsutum                                        (Mugo-Rhododendretum hirsuti)
4080 Sub-Arctic Salix spp. scrub
4090 Endemic oro-Mediterranean heaths with gorse

 

5. SCLEROPHYLLOUS SCRUB (MATORRAL)

51. Sub-Mediterranean and temperate scrub

5110 Stable xerothermophilous formations with Buxus sempervirens on rock slopes            (Berberidion p.p.)
5120 Mountain Cytisus purgans formations
5130 Juniperus communis formations on heaths or calcareous grasslands
5140 * Cistus palhinhae formations on maritime wet heaths

52. Mediterranean arborescent matorral

5210 Arborescent matorral with Juniperus spp.
5220 * Arborescent matorral with Zyziphus
5230 * Arborescent matorral with Laurus nobilis

53. Thermo-Mediterranean and pre-steppe brush

5310 Laurus nobilis thickets
5320 Low formations of Euphorbia close to cliffs
5330 Thermo-Mediterranean and pre-desert scrub

54. Phrygana

5410 West Mediterranean clifftop phryganas (Astragalo-Plantaginetum subulatae)
5420 Sarcopoterium spinosum phryganas
5430 Endemic phryganas of the Euphorbio-Verbascion

6. NATURAL AND SEMI-NATURAL GRASSLAND FORMATIONS

61. Natural grasslands

6110 * Rupicolous calcareous or basophilic grasslands of the Alysso-Sedion albi
6120 * Xeric sand calcareous grasslands
6130 Calaminarian grasslands of the Violetalia calaminariae
6140 Siliceous Pyrenean Festuca eskia grasslands
6150 Siliceous alpine and boreal grasslands
6160 Oro-Iberian Festuca indigesta grasslands
6170 Alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands
6180 Macaronesian mesophile grasslands

62. Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies

6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates                 (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites)
6220 * Pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals of the Thero-Brachypodietea
6230 * Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and            submountain areas in Continental Europe)
6240 * Sub-Pannonic steppic grasslands
6250 * Pannonic loess steppic grasslands
6260 * Pannonic sand steppes
6270 * Fennoscandian lowland species-rich dry to mesic grasslands
6280 * Nordic alvar and precambrian calcareous flatrocks

63. Sclerophillous grazed forests (dehesas)

6310 Dehesas with evergreen Quercus spp.

64. Semi-natural tall-herb humid meadows

6410 Molinia meadows on calcareous, peaty or clayey-silt-laden soils (Molinion               caeruleae)
6420 Mediterranean tall humid grasslands of the Molinio-Holoschoenion
6430 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine              levels
6440 Alluvial meadows of river valleys of the Cnidion dubii
6450 Northern boreal alluvial meadows

65. Mesophile grasslands

6510 Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis)
6520 Mountain hay meadows
6530 * Fennoscandian wooded meadows

7. RAISED BOGS AND MIRES AND FENS

71. Sphagnum acid bogs

7110 * Active raised bogs
7120 Degraded raised bogs still capable of natural regeneration
7130 Blanket bogs (* if active bog)
7140 Transition mires and quaking bogs
7150 Depressions on peat substrates of the Rhynchosporion
7160 Fennoscandian mineral-rich springs and springfens

72. Calcareous fens

7210 * Calcareous fens with Cladium mariscus and species of the Caricion                     davallianae
7220 * Petrifying springs with tufa formation (Cratoneurion)
7230 Alkaline fens
7240 * Alpine pioneer formations of the Caricion bicoloris-atrofuscae

73. Boreal mires

7310 * Aapa mires
7320 * Palsa mires

8. ROCKY HABITATS AND CAVES

81. Scree

8110 Siliceous scree of the montane to snow levels (Androsacetalia alpinae and             Galeopsietalia ladani)
8120 Calcareous and calcshist screes of the montane to alpine levels (Thlaspietea             rotundifolii)
8130 Western Mediterranean and thermophilous scree
8140 Eastern Mediterranean screes
8150 Medio-European upland siliceous screes
8160 * Medio-European calcareous scree of hill and montane levels

82. Rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation

8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation
8220 Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation
8230 Siliceous rock with pioneer vegetation of the Sedo-Scleranthion or of the Sedo             albi-Veronicion dillenii
8240 * Limestone pavements

83. Other rocky habitats

8310 Caves not open to the public
8320 Fields of lava and natural excavations
8330 Submerged or partially submerged sea caves
8340 Permanent glaciers

9. FORESTS

(Sub)natural woodland vegetation comprising native species forming forests of tall trees, with typical undergrowth, and meeting the following criteria: rare or residual, and/or hosting species of Community interest

90. Forests of Boreal Europe

9010 * Western TaÔga
9020 * Fennoscandian hemiboreal natural old broad-leaved deciduous forests (Quercus,           Tilia, Acer, Fraxinus or Ulmus) rich in epiphytes
9030 * Natural forests of primary succession stages of landupheaval coast
9040 Nordic subalpine/subarctic forests with Betula pubescens ssp. czerepanovii
9050 Fennoscandian herb-rich forests with Picea abies
9060 Coniferous forests on, or connected to, glaciofluvial eskers
9070 Fennoscandian wooded pastures
9080 * Fennoscandian deciduous swamp woods

91. Forests of Temperate Europe

9110 Luzulo-Fagetum beech forests
9120 Atlantic acidophilous beech forests with Ilex and sometimes also Taxus in the             shrublayer (Quercion robori-petraeae or Ilici-Fagenion)
9130 Asperulo-Fagetum beech forests
9140 Medio-European subalpine beech woods with Acer and Rumex arifolius
9150 Medio-European limestone beech forests of the Cephalanthero-Fagion
9160 Sub-Atlantic and medio-European oak or oak-hornbeam forests of the Carpinion             betuli
9170 Galio-Carpinetum oak-hornbeam forests
9180 * Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines
9190 Old acidophilous oak woods with Quercus robur on sandy plains
91A0 Old sessile oak woods with Ilex and Blechnum in the British Isles
91B0 Thermophilous Fraxinus angustifolia woods
91C0 * Caledonian forest
91D0 * Bog woodland
91E0 * Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion,              Alnion incanae, Salicion albae)
91F0 Riparian mixed forests of Quercus robur, Ulmus laevis and Ulmus minor,             Fraxinus excelsior or Fraxinus angustifolia, along the great rivers (Ulmenion             minoris)
91G0 * Pannonic woods with Quercus petraea and Carpinus betulus
91H0 * Pannonian woods with Quercus pubescens
91I0 * Euro-Siberian steppic woods with Quercus spp.
91J0 * Taxus baccata woods of the British Isles

92. Mediterranean deciduous forests

9210 * Apeninne beech forests with Taxus and Ilex
9220 * Apennine beech forests with Abies alba and beech forests with Abies                    nebrodensis
9230 Galicio-Portuguese oak woods with Quercus robur and Quercus pyrenaica
9240 Quercus faginea and Quercus canariensis Iberian woods
9250 Quercus trojana woods
9260 Castanea sativa woods
9270 Hellenic beech forests with Abies borisii-regis
9280 Quercus frainetto woods
9290 Cupressus forests (Acero-Cupression)
92A0 Salix alba and Populus alba galleries
92B0 Riparian formations on intermittent Mediterranean water courses with                       Rhododendron ponticum, Salix and others
92C0 Platanus orientalis and Liquidambar orientalis woods (Platanion orientalis)
92D0 Southern riparian galleries and thickets (Nerio-Tamaricetea and Securinegion              tinctoriae)

93. Mediterranean sclerophyllous forests

9310 Aegean Quercus brachyphylla woods
9320 Olea and Ceratonia forests
9330 Quercus suber forests
9340 Quercus ilex and Quercus rotundifolia forests
9350 Quercus macrolepis forests
9360 * Macaronesian laurel forests (Laurus, Ocotea)
9370 * Palm groves of Phoenix
9380 Forests of Ilex aquifolium

94. Temperate mountainous coniferous forests

9410 Acidophilous Picea forests of the montane to alpine levels (Vaccinio-Piceetea)
9420 Alpine Larix decidua and/or Pinus cembra forests
9430 Subalpine and montane Pinus uncinata forests (* if on gypsum or limestone)

95. Mediterranean and Macaronesian mountainous coniferous forests

9510 * Southern Apennine Abies alba forests
9520 Abies pinsapo forests
9530 * (Sub-) Mediterranean pine forests with endemic black pines
9540 Mediterranean pine forests with endemic Mesogean pines
9550 Canarian endemic pine forests
9560 * Endemic forests with Juniperus spp.
9570 * Tetraclinis articulata forests
9580 * Mediterranean Taxus baccata woods